Hyderabad: With 6.59%, Telangana is ranked second in the country in terms of the growth rate of agricultural sector income over the last decade between 2011-12 and 2019-20. Tripura is the only state to have performed better than Telangana, recording an agricultural income growth rate of 6.87% over the period. Sikkim also got the second place with a growth rate of 6.59%, while Andhra Pradesh came in fourth with a growth rate of 5.41%. However, if large states are taken into consideration, Telangana tops the list.
According to a white paper on “Agriculture in post-independence India – Looking back and looking to the future” by Ramesh Chand, member of NITI Aayog under the national framework of medium-term priorities, only 11 of the 29 states posted a growth rate of more than three percent in agricultural sector revenues. In 10 other states, the growth rate of farm income ranged from minus 3.6% to 1%. The rest of the states made no major progress during the 10-year period. One of the major components of the growth rate has been the growth recorded in horticulture. The majority of the country’s farmers have experienced little or no growth in this sector.
Telangana was ranked fifth in the country when comparisons were made after the inclusion of agriculture and allied sectors which include dairy, animal husbandry and fisheries, among others. Mizoram, Andhra Pradesh, Tripura and Sikkim recorded growth rates of 15.48%, 8.92%, 8.02% and 6.78% respectively. However, if only large states are taken into account, the state ranks second, just behind Andhra Pradesh which recorded a growth rate of 8.92.
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According to the Telangana State Statistical Abstract 2020, the contribution of the agricultural sector to the state’s gross domestic product (GSDP) almost tripled in 2019-2020, compared to that of 2011-12. The contribution of the agricultural sector to GSDP was 1,35,109 crore rupees in 2019-2020 compared to the contribution of the sector of the Telangana region in the former state of Andhra Pradesh was only 54,615 crores. of rupees in 2011-12. In 2015-16, the agricultural sector’s contribution to GSDP was Rs 75,707 crore.
It was Rs 88,979 crore in 2016-17, Rs 1,02044 crore in 2017-18 and Rs 1,13,223 in 2018-19. Even during the Covid-19 pandemic and the lockdown that followed in 2020-21, Telangana’s economy benefited from agriculture and related sectors which grew by 21% compared to 3% growth nationally.
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